Wednesday, January 15, 2020

Sitting System For People Health And Social Care Essay

Appropriate posing positions are varied, it depends on activity taken ; working at a desk, computing machine, driving or eating. However, these actions have a same rule to concern: stable and comfy. Human sitting is asymmetrical and dynamic, when Sitters feel non comfy with their seats they will brace themselves. And ever has changeless motion at least every 5-10 proceedingss to diminish the force per unit area on the contact points, avoid terrible pressing on any portion of the organic structure until cause hurt.1.3.1 Biomechanics of sitingBiomechanics utilises the Torahs of Physicss and the constructs of Engineering to depict the gesture formulated by assorted organic structure sections and the forces moving on these them ( Chaffin and Andresson, 1984 ) . Appropriate posing positions are varied, it depends on activity which taken ; working at a desk, computing machine, driving or eating. However, suited sitting place in biomechanics is the balance of forces and minutes. balance plane1.bmp F = Force M = Moment Balance of forces and minutes in all planes Biomechanics has emphasised the relation between the organic structure ‘s Centre of force per unit area ( COP ) and its Centre of mass ( COM ) . The COM is a point equivalent of the entire organic structure mass and is the leaden norm of the COM of each organic structure section in all planes while the COP corresponds to the point of application of the force under the country of contact with the place surface ( Lacoste et al. , 2006 ) . In order to equilibrate the organic structure over a stable sitting base, the COM is straight over the sitting base. Stability of sitting position is able to better when the country of contact between the organic structure and the support surface are increased. The relationship of the stableness with country of contact and forces is following: Stability Therefore increasing the size of the base of support will increase the stableness ( Ham et al. , 1998 ) . For some postural malformations, the country of the support base is reduced therefore the stableness is improved by addition the support country such as supplying the chest support bole support or buffering on the seating. The balance of sitting encourages the right form or position of spinal. In sidelong position, alliance of spinal is looked somewhat S- form. The key of stable base is the pelvic girdle. In the basic of normal posing, the pelvic girdle is centred and rotates rearward as a consequence of the tenseness in hamstrings ( posterior thigh musculuss ) . For maximal stableness and minimal musculus attempt when keeping an unsloped position ( every bit same as in the erect standing place ) , the Centre of mass of the upper organic structure should be maintained over the ischeal tubercles ( Zacharkow, 1984 ) balance plane2.bmp The contact points of the seated position are ischial tubercles, thighs and pess. By supplying support through the thighs, legs and pess, force per unit area is reduced over the ischial tubercles. The thighs are parallel to each other and in the natural place. For the ground that thigh musculuss span the hip and articulatio genus, the grade of hip flexure and knee extension on the seating should be avoided to pull of hamstrings. A upper limit of 100 grades of hip flexure and 105 grades of articulatio genus extension is advised ( Mayall and Desharnais, 1995 ) . The pelvic girdle rotates somewhat forward promotes flexure of the lower dorsum or lumbar hollow-back. It will be curved concave to the forepart to back up the weight of the upper portion: bole, weaponries and caput. However, for the people with physical disablements who are lacking in postural ability and postural dissymmetries can besides take to orthopaedic malformations, uncomfortableness, decreased physiologic maps, self-image, and quality of life ( Trefler et al. , 1993 ) . Consequently, users with a motor disability need a seating which can counterbalance for the stableness and besides back up the functional and postural ability that each person has. There are many ways to depict the assortment of siting systems for people with physical disablements. However, in this survey, the seating system will be categorised by 3 characteristics of the chair as shown in table Twenty.Siting system for people with physical disablementsFeatureCategorizationFunctional of utilizing Wheelchair Particular seating Beginning of energy Manual Power Feature of traveling Rigid Dynamic1.3.2 Wheelchair populationA wheelchair is one of the most common devices used to help users who have limited abilities to walk or travel. The wheelchair user population includes kids, grownups, and aged individuals. There are many grounds for their disablements: birth defects ( kids who have motion upsets ) , accidents ( an hurt to legs or the spinal column, which controls leg motion ) , infirmity diseases and old age. Harmonizing to Wheelchair foundation, â€Å" over 100 million people with physical disablements worldwide need wheelchairs. It is estimated that the figure of people who need wheelchairs will increase by 22 per centum over the following 10 old ages, with the greatest demand bing in developing states † ( Behring. , 2009 ) . In UK, there are an estimated 10 million handicapped people, about 20 % of population ( Office for National Statistics, 2010 ; Statisticss, 2008 ) and 5 % of people with disablement are a motor damage ( NHS, 2004 ; Wray, 2005 ) . The proportion of wheelchair population additions with age. Separate into three age groups: kids under 18 old ages of age, grownup 18-64 twelvemonth and aged 65 and older, the highest rates are found among the aged population so working age and non many in kids. There are assorted wellness conditions and damages doing a individual demand to utilize wheelchair and these grounds are diverse in different age group of users. In table Twenty shows the wellness conditions and damages reported as the chief cause of functional or activity restriction. Stroke 11.1 % Arthritis 10.4 % Multiple induration 5.0 % Absence lower appendage 3.7 % Paraplegia 3.6 % Orthopaedic lower appendage 3.6 % Heart disease 3.3 % Cerebral paralysis 3.1 % Rheumatoid arthritis 3.0 % Diabetess 2.4 % ( LaPlante et al. , 2009 ) Manual seating system is the chair that needs self impeling by users or health professionals. The users of manual wheelchairs by and large have lower appendage failing, palsy, or amputation doing walking insecure or hard at best. They may include persons with spinal cord hurts, unilateral paralysis and other types of palsy, multiple induration, intellectual paralysis, spina bifida, arthritis, and lower limb amputations. Typically, the user is a paraplegic or quadriparetic individual who desires to manually impel himself every bit much as possible for the exercising and ensuing wellness benefits. For the wheelchair dependent individual who has to impel by his or her ain, the most common country of musculoskeletal is the shoulder. This is because users normally have overload on their upper organic structures to turn the wheels of the wheelchairs. In 2008, Desroches et Al. published a paper in which they studied the relationship between the effectivity of the attendant force at the handrims and the mechanical burden by the net shoulder minutes. They found that more force demands are more at hazard of shoulder hurts on the land that overexploitation. Furthermore, elbows, carpuss and custodies are besides injured because they are non designed to get by with the insistent contact with the wheelchair pushrims. This frequent insistent burden may be one of the possible causes of the incidence of carpal tunnel syndrome. Powered wheelchair theoretical accounts are controlled by the user ‘s manus with a little control stick. Users who unable to utilize a manus for maneuvering and control may be capable of a oral cavity control or breath control device. These power wheelchairs are much safer to run with a computing machine inadvertence. However, serious accidents sometimes result from feeling or computing machine system failures. ( N.I.R.E. , 2004 ) . The failures may be elusive 1s non recognised by users. Otherwise, they can be in the signifier of a sudden, unexpected entire failure of the wheelchair computing machine system, which may ensue in an accident when happening at a critical clip.1.3.3 Particular SeatingParticular seating designed for people with physical disablements considers demands like phase of development, disablements and other upsets. At the same clip, ought to see as position, force per unit area and comfort. The mobility and position jobs that motor impairment people face may be due to muscle failings, musculus instabilities and cramp or hapless esthesis. There are many grounds for their disablements like birth defects ( kids who have motion upsets ) , accidents ( an hurt to legs or the spinal column, which controls leg motion ) , infirmity diseases and old age. Siting is a work of complex coordinating of human constructions. The form of the pelvic girdle is unstable by nature in sitting place. It can non be kept stable without the cooperation of organic structure musculus and limbs. In add-on, a proper design of constituents such as place backrest, armrest, footrest, etc. , is encourage stableness in the sitting place and the comfort of the place. First and the foremost for handicapped posing is the importance of stable posing, it is achieved if there is a balance of forces and minutes in all planes ( Letts, 1991 ) . An unstable sitting non merely makes upper organic structure hard to command balance but besides non keep the good place of physiology. A particular place base with a back support can be used which would assists the patient who is being positioned for physical therapy. The supports are made from stuffs such as plyboard, froth and polymer. These stuffs provide postural support and alleviate the force per unit area for patients who have unbalanced organic structures. Nevertheless for kids who have the spasticity CP, they will do their organic structure imbalanced and unstable when have extensor cramp. This in bend makes the patient uncomfortable and impairs their functional ability. Furthermore, CP kids need more seating demands than a broad assortment of people with disablements because of their overactive stretch physiological reactions and irregular stableness. The force per unit area sores are besides considered because this frequently occurs when sitting for a long clip without traveling. A considerable sum of literature has been published on biomechanics of siting system with spastic CP patients, they have investigated the force per unit area forces in sitting place and strong forces of extensor push in patients which impart onto their wheelchairs and they found that high forces can besides do hurts for the kid ( Dawley and Julian, 2003 ; Hahn et al. , 2009 ) . The force per unit area ulcers that suffer from force per unit area force in sitting have been concerned for many decennaries. Harrison et Al. published a paper in which they reviewed the literature of sitting biomechanics in normal organic structures. The thought of dynamic seating has been designed in Germany since 1884 for mills that had adjustable backrests and place undersides with rounded forepart borders to cut down force per unit area on the under-thigh part ( Harrison et al. , 1999 ) . The chief aim of presenting the dynamic seating to the design of the chair is to avoid the force per unit area ulcer. Dynamic siting systems have been available on the market since 1989 ( Hahn et al. , 2009 ) by including spring loaded, elastic constituents or powered devices, in the outlook that it will react suitably to the users with strong musculus cramp, cut down the hurting and cut down force per unit area from restricted position. For people with physical disablements particularly patients who have strong extensor spasticity the dynamic design ease them non merely to forestall the force per unit area ulcer and hurt to the user but besides prevent breakage of the chair. Dynamic seating constituents are designed to travel as a consequence of forceful motions exerted by a client ( Magnuson and Dilabio, 2003 ) . The dispute of the effectivity and impact of the surrogate design has been discussed. Several surveies have attempted to explicate that to repair a place would be more goo d for patients ‘ physical therapy than to change the sitting position every clip of extensor cramp ( Barnes, 1998 ; Herman and Lange, 1999 ) . However, the surrogate design is presumed that when musculuss stretch, the forces produced between place ‘s parts and their organic structures would diminish with usage of the dynamic constituents. Furthermore, this system can be approved and it does non hold any negative consequence for the long term use. The basic apprehension of physical features of the user is indispensable for the design and consideration of postural support. Furthermore, it is really indispensable to understand the scope of the forces that are being applied to the user ‘s organic structure when using postural support within a seating system. Barnes M.R. ( 1998 ) Reappraisal: Management of spasticity. Age and Ageing 27:239-245. Behring. K. ( 2009 ) Wheelchair Distribution Project: Serving the World, Wheelchair foundation Wetherby, UK. Chaffin D.B. , Andresson G.B.J. ( 1984 ) Occupational Biomechanics John Wiley & A ; Sons, Inc, the United State of America. Dawley J. , Julian R. ( 2003 ) Purpose, Use And Fabrication Of A Custom Made Dynamic Backrest, 19th International Seating Symposium, Florida, USA. pp. 145-147. Hahn M.E. , Simkins S.L. , Gardner J.K. , Kaushik G. ( 2009 ) A Dynamic Seating System for Children with Cerebral Palsy. Journal of Musculoskeletal Research 12:21-30. Ham R. , Aldersea P. , Porter D. ( 1998 ) Wheelchair users and postural siting a clinical attack Churchill Livingstone, New York, USA. Harrison D.D. , Harrison S.O. , Croft A.C. , Harrison D.E. , Troyanovich S.J. ( 1999 ) Siting biomechanics Part I: Reappraisal of the Literature. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics 22:594-609. Herman J.H. , Lange M.L. ( 1999 ) Seating and positioning to pull off spasticity after encephalon hurt Journal NeuroRehabilitation 12:105-117. Lacoste M. , Therrien M. , Cote J.N. , Shrier I. , Labelle H. , Prince F. ( 2006 ) Appraisal of Seated Postural Control in Children: Comparison of a Force Platform Versus a Pressure Mapping System. Archivess of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 87:1623-1629. LaPlante M. , Kaye S. , Kang T. ( 2009 ) Wheelchair Use in the United States, UCSF Disability Statistics Center Institute for Health & A ; Aging. Letts R. ( 1991 ) General rules of siting Boca Raton: CRC Press. Magnuson S. , Dilabio M. ( 2003 ) Dynamic Seating Components: The Best Evidence and Clinical Experience, 19th International Seating Symposium, Florida, USA. pp. 109-111. Mayall J.K. , Desharnais G. ( 1995 ) Positioning in a wheelchair: a usher for professional health professionals of the handicapped grownup 2nd erectile dysfunction. erectile dysfunction. Thorofare, NJ N.I.R.E. ( 2004 ) Mobility Training for User and Public Safety, The National Institute for Rehabilitation Engineering. NHS. ( 2004 ) Bettering Servicess for Wheelchair Users and Carers: Good Practice Guide, Executive sum-up, NHS Purchasing and Supply Agency rehabilitation squad. Office for National Statistics G.R.O.f.S. , Northern Ireland Statistics & A ; Research Agency. ( 2010 ) , Office for National Statistics, General Register Office for Scotland, Northern Ireland Statistics & A ; Research Agency. Statisticss T.O.f.N. ( 2008 ) Registered Blind and Partially Sighted People England twelvemonth stoping 31 March 2008, Department of Health, The Office for National Statistics. Trefler E. , Hobson D.A. , Taylor S.J. , Monahan L.C. , Shaw C.G. , Zimbleman C. ( 1993 ) Seating AND MOBILITY: For Persons with Physical Disabilities San Antonio: Therapy Skill Builders. Wray M. ( 2005 ) Bing Inclusive in the Creative and Performing Arts, BICPA, the eight spouses of CADISE ( The Consortium of Humanistic disciplines and Design Institutions in Southern England ) Zacharkow D. ( 1984 ) wheelchair Posture and Pressure Sores Charles C Thomas Publisher, Illinois, USA.

Tuesday, January 7, 2020

A Catastrophic Cocktail Mixing Guns And Mental Illness

Darryian Shover Professor Harrington Eng 121 11 May 2015 A Catastrophic Cocktail: Mixing Guns and Mental Illness Imagine a scene of unimaginable terror: several college students are lined up against a wall and shot, sirens are blaring in the background, and people are seen crouching on floors in classrooms and dormitories in a futile attempt to escape the wrath of a crazed gunman, who also happens to be a fellow student. By mid-afternoon, even the sidewalks are stained with blood and the atmosphere is desolate and aberrantly quiet. Students gather in small groups, some crying while still others make an effort to console each other. Such was the scene on April 16th, 2007 on the campus of Virginia Tech University in Blacksburg, Virginia when Seung-Hui Cho went on a mass killing spree. In slightly under three hours, Cho managed to gun down thirty-three students and faculty members, injuring seventeen others in the process, before finally turning the gun on himself. It has been described as the deadliest shooting rampage in American history. F ederal law prohibits anyone who has been â€Å"adjudicated as a mental defective,† as well as those who have been involuntarily committed to a mental health facility, from buying a gun (Hauser 1). Thus, under said federal law, Cho should have been denied from buying a gun after a Virginia court declared him to be an â€Å"imminent danger to himself as a result of mental illness† in late 2005 and sent him for psychiatric treatment (Hauser 1). â€Å"TheShow MoreRelated50 Harmful Effects of Genetically Modified (Gm) Foods14312 Words   |  58 Pagesbacteria contamination can arise. This is more than just possible, given the numerous (1600 or more) distinct microorganisms that can be found in a single teaspoon of soil. If that soil contamination remains permanently, the consequences can be catastrophic. Someday the public may blacklist precisely those farms that have once planted GM crops. No one has put up any warning signs on product packaging for farmers, including th ose who now own 1/4 of all agricultural tracks in the US. Furthermore, theRead MoreLogical Reasoning189930 Words   |  760 Pagesexperts do say that stream water will be safe if you boil it for a minute or two. Giardia is caused by protozoa which can’t live for long at high temperature. Other micro-organisms can survive this heating, but they usually won’t cause any human illness. The reason people use water-purification tablets instead of boiling is for convenience; using the tablets avoids all the extra time for the water to boil and then later to cool to drinking temperature. Now lets turn to the principles of logical

Sunday, December 29, 2019

Autism Spectrum Disorder (Asd) Is An Umbrella Term For

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is an umbrella term for several different behavioral disorders. It’s included: autistic disorder, Asperger’s syndrome, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder. According to Web M.D., autism affects child’s social interaction, communication, and behaviors. The research stated that children diagnosed with ASD are the most rapidly growing group. It’s not sure if autism is becoming more prevalent or if the rise comes from improved detection. Parents are often the first to notice something is wrong with their child. The delay or absence of social interaction, such as no eye contact can be a sign of ASD. Children with autism often have difficulties with communication skills. For example, a child may never speak. Or he†¦show more content†¦Families’s financial condition is affected by the decreased income and the increased expenses from the expensive therapies and treatments. Expenses for autism treatment and therapies are not covered by most private health insurances, and the costs are very high. For example, some parents hired A.B.A specialists from the University of California, Los Angeles where A.B.A was developed, for three days of training. The cost was outrageous in the 1990s, between $10,000 and $ 15,000, included their accommodation. The copays parents incur for medications and doctor’s office visits cause the massive financial debt. Because of this financial problem, some of the family may divorce. Emotional stresses are the most stressful things for the families which we can not even imagine. The day doctor diagnosed the child can be traumatic for the family who may feel that the child is labeled with a problem. Parents scared first, panicked, and they realized that they were the only advocate for their child by finding resources and information. The many studies show that early intensive behavioral therapy significantly eases autism symptoms, but again each child is unique, and two children with ASD have the same strengths and weaknesses. Exactly what type of treatment your child needs depends on the symptoms, which are different for each child and may change over time. Because people with autism are soShow MoreRelatedA Research Study On Autistic Spectrum Disorder802 Words   |  4 PagesAutistic spectrum disorder, also known as ASD can be defined as a group of complex developmental disorders characterized by impairment in verbal and nonverbal communication, behavioral chal lenges, impaired cognitive abilities, and impaired social interactions. Nurse practitioners providing primary health care to children should be familiar with ASD for early identification, evaluation, and management as this is significantly important to the well-being of children and their families. 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Whenever I was sick as a kid, she would take me to work, where I had the opportunity to observe a boy named Connor. I found him fascinating. I wondered why he was so obsessed with this blue truck, and why he had to have it with him at all times. Because wherever this blue truck was, Connor was, and this I couldn’t understand as a young girl. I always wondered why he couldnRead MoreHow Communication Is Difficult And Interacting With Others954 Words   |  4 Pagessmall scale from what we have learned the past few decades a child who is on the spectrum of Autism may understand the words, but not t he music. There is a buzz word that many parents use to describe their child who is not exactly normal functioning. This means that they are behaving differently than their peers of the same age. This term that parents use to describe their child is Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Autism has gained a lot of notoriety in the past decade due to many more prevalent casesRead MoreAutism Spectrum Disorder ( Asd )798 Words   |  4 PagesAutism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a disorder characterised by a triad of impairments in social interaction, communication and repetitive behaviour and restricted interest. This spectrum is observed to affect three times more males than females (Hill, 2004). ASD is a syndrome that Leo Kanner first explained while observing the behaviour of children he was researching. He describes that they had particular traits such as the inability to establish social relatedness with other people, failure to useRead MoreAutism Spectrum Disorder ( Asd ) And Autism Essay1356 Words   |  6 PagesAutism Autism is really come along ways from where it use to be. There’s been so much research done to try and track it early and see if there’s something that can done to try and prevent it. There are celebrities with the disorder as well as some celebrity kids or their children with it. The definition of autism is a pervasive developmental disorder of children, characterized by impaired communication, excessive rigidity, and emotional detachment as defined by and is a part of theRead MoreAutism Spectrum Disorder and its Characteristics Essay1285 Words   |  6 Pageswith autism spectrum disorder. Since then, there has been a drastic increase of the incidence of this disorder. In 2013, according to the Centers for Disease Control, autism spectrum disorder occurs in one out of eighty eight children. (CDC, 2013) That is a significant increase over a relatively short period of time. With such an increase, it is important to learn what autism spectrum disorde r is and what might cause it. Autism spectrum disorder is the term used for a group of disorders in brainRead MoreAutism Spectrum Disorder ( Asd )1801 Words   |  8 PagesAutism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by qualitative impairments in social interaction and communication, and restricted, repetitive behavior (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013), and is associated with impairments in executive functions. Autism Spectrum Disorder is also defined as a group of disorders that impair an individual’s ability to understand and engage in the give-and-take of social relationships. (Boyd, 2015) Autism is a well-known

Saturday, December 21, 2019

Moral Development In To Kill A Mockingbird - 1384 Words

Jem’s Moral Development Lawrence Kohlberg was an American psychologist and educator known for his theory of moral development. He was a professor at Harvard University before he was a developmental psychologist. He later moved into the field of moral education. Jean Piaget (Swiss psychologist), John Dewey (American philosopher), and James Mark Baldwin (American philosopher and psychologist) all influenced Kohlberg’s theory of moral development, though Piaget s work heavily influenced Kohlberg’s. Kohlberg ran tests to prove his theory.He tested 72 boys from middle and lower class families who were either 10, 13 or 16. Later in his research, he tested both boys and girls from different states and countries other than Chicago. Kohlberg found†¦show more content†¦Stage 2 is a little more open minded, but not enough to look at the â€Å"big picture.† Stage 2 of the Preconventional level is based on mutual benefit. This is where their morals rely on what is and isn’t â€Å"fair† or â€Å"right.† As previously mentioned, stage 2 is a little more opened minded than stage 1. They see that there is not only one â€Å"right† way; they also realize that everything is relative. In other words, if someone were to steal money to feed their hungry children, the child would say that was â€Å"right.† Kohlberg tested this theory by presenting children with scenarios such as the one mentioned. In these scenarios, children often mentioned mentioned the consequences associated with the action; they also mentioned why it might be â€Å"right† or â€Å"fair.† KOHLBERG’S CONVENTIONAL LEVEL 2, STAGES 3 4 The second level of Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral development is the Conventional Level. The Conventional level consists of stages 3 and 4. Stage 3 is based on interpersonal expectations. Those who are at this stage try to be a â€Å"good† boy or a â€Å"good† girl and live up to others’--such as close friends and family’s-- expectations. Stage 4 is based on Law-and-Order. They are not only focused on what their family and friends say; they are now focused on society. These stages are usually reached by early teens. They don’t blindly follow rules;Show MoreRelatedMoral Development In To Kill A Mockingbird1231 Words   |  5 Pagesknown for his theory of moral development developed in 1958. His theory was dependent on the thinking of Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget and American philosopher John Dewey. It consists of three levels of moral reasoning: preconventional, conventional, and postconvent ional. These levels are based on the degree to which an individual accommodates to the conventional standards of society. Each level aquires two stages that serve as different standards of sophistication in moral reasoning. Overall, KohlbergRead MoreTo Kill A Mockingbird Moral Development Analysis1486 Words   |  6 Pages Lawrence Kohlberg was an American phycologist who also was the author of the three stages of moral development. Kohlberg graduated from the Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts in 1945 after serving in the merchants marines. Lawrence was also working on a ship owned by Zionist military organization which would try to smuggle Jewish refugees into Palestine past the British blockades (Doorey). Once Kohlberg was done serving in the military organization he came back to the U.S and went toRead MoreEssay On Moral Development In To Kill A Mockingbird1319 Words   |  6 PagesIn books, many characters go through moral development. The book To Kill A Mockingbir d shows many examples of characters that go through this development and characters that help others develop. While there are many different characters in the book, the focus is on the development of Jem and Scout Finch with the help of Atticus and Calpurnia. The kids are introduced when they are young and over the span of the book, the adults teach and help them, making them have a different understanding of theRead MoreExamples Of Moral Development In To Kill A Mockingbird3558 Words   |  15 PagesMoral Stages In the book to To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, a young girl is being put through a variety of challenges that have set her up to learn about aspects of life. Scout, the young girl is being put through situations throughout the book, and is going through different moral developments that have been set up into three levels by Kohlberg, a psychologist. Kohlberg gathered this information by giving people of different ages, different questions that would identify their moral stage (â€Å"Kohlberg’sRead MoreThe Three Stages Of Moral Development In To Kill A Mockingbird1478 Words   |  6 Pagesrelating to moral reasoning and how it develops. In these three levels of moral reasoning there is six sub-stages make his theory more reasonable. The first stage of this theory is Preconventional Moral Reasoning. This first stage is when a child accepts and believes the rules of an authority figure such as parents and teachers. According to Kohlberg children under 10 years of age follo w this Preconventional Moral Reasoning. The second stage of Kohlberg’s theory is the Conventional Moral ReasoningRead More##ohlbergs Theory Of Moral Development In How To Kill A Mockingbird By Harper Lee1503 Words   |  7 PagesIn the novel, How to Kill a Mockingbird, by Harper Lee, it is very noticeable that Jean Louise Finch, who is also known mostly as Scout throughout the novel, has a growth mindset; this growth can be connected to Kohlbergs Theory of Moral Development. Kohlbergs Theory of Moral Development is a three-stage system of ideas on how moral reasoning development ( ¨Kohlbergs Theory ¨). Within all those three steps there is a total of six detailed steps explaining how ones moral reasoning grows, whetherRead MoreTo Kill A Mockingbird Essay1505 Words   |  7 Pagesunique teaching experience for Atticus to provide to Scout and Jem. These laws followed the Southern societal ideas of the separation between races, but also demonstrated a division between a community where individuals held different moral ideas. To Kill a Mockingbird explores human morality from the perception of a six year old child, providing a different perspective on important issues of this time period. Scout’s understanding of morality develops from her once simple idea of an individual beingRead MoreTheme Of To Kill A Mockingbird1699 Words   |  7 Pages The Pureness of Mockingbirds In 1960, Harper Lee published one of the most controversial books of our time. To kill a mockingbird contains three debatable themes; racism, good and evil, and morals. Harper Lee uses three children and rape trial to portray these topics. These themes are present throughout the story of a small Alabama town divided over a rape trial including an African American man and a young white girl. Lee’s novel is still disputed over to this day. One of the book’s centralRead MoreTo Kill A Mockingbird Reflection Essay744 Words   |  3 PagesTo Reflect on Mockingbird To Kill A Mockingbird reflected the contentious race relations of the 1930’s-1960’s, and sparked nationwide examination of racism. There are countless court cases that closely resemble the trial that took place in the novel, such as the Scottsboro Trials. The book was published right before the culmination of the Civil Rights Movement. In the years after the book’s publication, the Freedom Riders made their famous trip across the South, and the March on Washington took placeRead MoreEssay To Kill a Mockingbird: An Analysis of Discrimination893 Words   |  4 PagesTo Kill a Mockingbird: An Analysis of Discrimination The most important theme of the 1960 Pulitzer Prize winning novel To Kill a Mockingbird is author Harper Lee’s tenacious exploration of the moral nature of people. Lee tenaciously explores the moral nature of human beings, especially the struggle in every human soul between discrimination and tolerance. The novel is very effective in not only revealing prejudice, but in examining the nature of prejudice, how it works, and its consequences

Friday, December 13, 2019

World Religions †Buddhism Free Essays

The idea of a â€Å"union of opposites† pervades Taoist writings and exerts a tremendous influence over the root philosophical concepts of Taoism, encompassing issues which may be considered metaphysical or even mystical, but also influencing issues of applied ethics and personal behavior. The idea of conjoined opposites begins at the root, metaphysical level of Taoist thought which asserts that â€Å"being and non-being give rise to each other†; a stark departure from Christianity which posits that God is eternal and so has always been (Chen, 1989, p.  55). We will write a custom essay sample on World Religions – Buddhism or any similar topic only for you Order Now This metaphysical assertion continues from the macrocosmic (universal) to the microcosmic (personal) levels, where opposites are seen to give rise to the world of motion and being: â€Å"The difficult and easy complement each other, The long and short shape each other, The high and low lean on each other, Voices and instruments harmonize with one another, The front and rear follow upon each other† (Chen, 1989, p. 55). Following up on the universally derived union of opposites from a macrocosmic level, the Taoist asserts a union of opposites, also, within the self and in regards to personal conduct: â€Å"the sage manages affairs without action,† and therefore should practice â€Å"creative quietude† in pursuit of personal wisdom and even ambition. The idea that opposites are, in nature, united through the Tao means that moral divisions are also damaging and artificial. The true sage accomplishes merit † without claiming merit† and since â€Å"he does not claim merit, His merit does not go away† (Chen, 1989, p. 55). Such seeming paradoxes are often difficult for Westerners to understand The idea that the universe itself could be comprised of a union of opposites, rather than a pervading and omnipotent single-Creator is not compatible with idea of Christianity which elevates a dualistic vision of the universe with good and evil at odds with one another and a single, benevolent God. Taoism seems to reflect a much more organic and complete of vision, at least in my opinion although the extension of Taoist philosophies into western religion is probably not something which will happen any time soon, such a â€Å"union of opposites† would provide a rich synthesis of spiritual and philosophical ideas. References Chen, E. M. (1989). The Tao Te Ching: A New Translation with Commentary (1st ed. ). St. Paul, MN: Paragon House. How to cite World Religions – Buddhism, Papers

Thursday, December 5, 2019

Atomic Bomb 2 Essay Example For Students

Atomic Bomb 2 Essay The Manhattan Project The Manhattan Project was and is still one of the most secretive projects ever created in United States history. The purpose of the Manhattan Project was simple: to build; test; and unleash its power if necessary. Robert Oppenheimer and General Leslie Groves were the two men put in charge of this mission. These two men along with the top scientists from around the country were brought together to construct the most deadliest thing known to man. The project originated in the Pentagon in 1942 when General Groves was told, by the White House, he was to lead the Manhattan Project. World War II had already been raged for three years when the Nazis, after being victorious in Europe, declared war on the United States. This was nine months after the bombing of Pearl Harbor. In September of that year, Groves, met with Leo Szilard and asked him if making the atomic bomb was possible. Leo told him how an atomic bomb would work, but also that it is impossible to build. General Groves only wanted to hear that an atomic bomb was conceivable in theory and then he knew to start the project. In October of 1942 Groves went to California to meet with Robert Oppenheimer, one of the most brilliant scientists in the country. Groves informed Oppenheimer that he had been selected to lead the expedition on trying to invent the atomic bomb. Oppenheimer immediately started preparing by telling Groves that they needed an isolated area with one ringmaster(Oppenheimer). General Groves was in charge of the military or security part of the project, while Oppenheimer was in charge of the organization of the scientists and ideas. At times, Oppenhiemer and Grooves had some nasty arguments over policies. Even though Groves was the one who reported to Washington, Oppenheimer had more power and Groves was aware of this. If they had a disagreement, Oppenheimer would threaten to leave the project and take his scientists with him. Groves knew if this occurred then the project would never be finished. So, Grooves most always ended up agreeing or letting Oppenheimer do what ever he wanted to do. In April of 1943, this isolated area was being build in Las Alamos, New Mexico. The borders consisted of barbed wire fence accompanied by guard dogs. Many laboratories, storage buildings, shelters, hospitals, dining halls, and other buildings were found inside these borders, also. One thing that was not found inside these borders though was women, not even wives of the scientists. No scientist was allowed to talk to anyone outside the camp about what they see, hear, taste, or even smell. Everything they knew belonged to the army now. Everything they knew from here on was highly confidential. There job was to create the atomic bomb and to do nothing else but that. They were to refer to bomb as the gadget or devise for security reasons. The scientists were given 19 months to complete their mission. Most of them complained that it could not be done, that it was not enough time. Under the leadership of Oppenheimer the work and research began. After several days, their work got them no where. They were faced with the problems such as weight, velocity, and detonation. To make such a bomb they needed materials heaving enough to weight tip the biggest cranes in the world. Late one night, while eating an orange and talking to another scientist, Seth Neddermeyer (a scientist) thought of an idea called implosion. He got the idea from the orange he was eating. This was probably the one idea that the atomic bomb is centered around. Without implosion, the atomic bomb could not be created. When he squeezed the orange, juice squirted out or an outwards explosion. If you can reverse this process, then the explosion goes in creating a even bigger force. This theory applies to Plutonium. .u0c4c99da286fae5dae23ead4e1cf3f36 , .u0c4c99da286fae5dae23ead4e1cf3f36 .postImageUrl , .u0c4c99da286fae5dae23ead4e1cf3f36 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u0c4c99da286fae5dae23ead4e1cf3f36 , .u0c4c99da286fae5dae23ead4e1cf3f36:hover , .u0c4c99da286fae5dae23ead4e1cf3f36:visited , .u0c4c99da286fae5dae23ead4e1cf3f36:active { border:0!important; } .u0c4c99da286fae5dae23ead4e1cf3f36 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u0c4c99da286fae5dae23ead4e1cf3f36 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u0c4c99da286fae5dae23ead4e1cf3f36:active , .u0c4c99da286fae5dae23ead4e1cf3f36:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u0c4c99da286fae5dae23ead4e1cf3f36 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u0c4c99da286fae5dae23ead4e1cf3f36 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u0c4c99da286fae5dae23ead4e1cf3f36 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u0c4c99da286fae5dae23ead4e1cf3f36 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u0c4c99da286fae5dae23ead4e1cf3f36:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u0c4c99da286fae5dae23ead4e1cf3f36 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u0c4c99da286fae5dae23ead4e1cf3f36 .u0c4c99da286fae5dae23ead4e1cf3f36-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u0c4c99da286fae5dae23ead4e1cf3f36:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Confucianism And Chuang-Tzu Essay Implosion occurs causing a chain reaction which in return causes an outwards explosion. If an inwards explosion occurred the Plutonium atoms would split apart creating the biggest explosion known to man. The problem was now creating an inward explosion. By this time, turmoil started to arise inside the camp. Many scientists began complaining about the drastic security measures .

Thursday, November 28, 2019

Diving Headfirst Into Your Family Tree - The Writers For Hire

DIVING HEADFIRST INTO YOUR FAMILY TREE Do you ever wonder about where your ancestors came from, and what struggles they had to endure in their life’s voyage? The journey of discovering your roots can be quite fascinating and exciting. It can also be a daunting and time-consuming task. A simple Google search will lead you to a vast array of websites, promising to give you the answers to the ever-popular question, â€Å"where did I come from?† But how do you know which websites are actually worth your time (and money)? And once you are on those websites, how can you be sure that the information you are finding is accurate? Here is a list of some of the most popular genealogy web sites and our reviews on which make the grade, and which fail to deliver. Classes One important thing to keep in mind when diving into your ancestry research is that there is a definite learning curve. It takes time (and experience) to figure out how and where to locate the information you are seeking.Tweet this If you have endless time to dedicate to this task, then learning by trial and error may be the right method for you. If not, you might want to consider checking out an online class or two, to help you learn the tricks of the trade. While there are thousands of options out there, here are a few free ones that are a great starting point: YouTube Type â€Å"genealogy for beginners,† and you will get THOUSANDS of videos with tips on how to start your ancestry research. Family Search Learning Center Signing up for a free account on this website will give you access to hundreds of great webinars; many of catered to specific areas of research (Military Records, Colonial Immigration, etc.). Sign up for an ancestry account, you will have access to their instructional videos, which help you learn how to navigate their site and make the most out of your membership. Brigham Young University Independent Study Using Adobe Flash Player, the website offers a variety of free online genealogy courses. Magazines If ancestry is more than just a passing curiosity for you, a subscription to a genealogy magazine can be a very helpful tool. Many of these magazines provide insight into different methods of genealogical research, updates on public releases of records, and other valuable information. Just as there are hundreds of different genealogy websites out there, you will find that there are a large variety of magazines that focus on genealogy and ancestry. The best magazine for you will really depend on your specific needs, but here are a few that are worth checking out: Family Tree Magazine Geared towards more amateur genealogists, this is probably the most well known genealogical magazines out there. It is a fun magazine, full of great personal stories, tips for taking family research trips, and interesting tidbits about different ethnic backgrounds and heritages. National Genealogical Society Quarterly This one is a must-have for serious genealogists. The magazine, provided to members of the National Genealogical Society, is chock-full of valuable information, research tips, and up-to-date genealogical news. And, as an added benefit to joining the National Genealogical Society, you will also get access to the plethora of online classes offered by the society. Your Genealogy Today Whether you are a novice or a seasoned genealogist, this magazine has something for everyone. The bi-monthly magazine covers everything from DNA research to genealogy tourism. Hiring a Genealogist Now, if you are like much of the population and don’t have enough time to invest in really digging deep into your family history, hiring a professional genealogist may be something you’ll want to consider. Aside from just the time constraints, hiring a professional comes with many other benefits: Experience A professional genealogist has experience weeding through thousands of documents and records and is more likely to be able to trace your exact line. Knowledge A professional already knows where to find marriage records, locate ship manifestos, and search for military draft cards. Skill Most professional genealogists are also very skilled at complex research (which is a necessity, when researching ancestry). Organization Sorting through the records of thousands of ancestors takes some serious organizational skills. A professional genealogist knows how to make sense of all that information and compile it in to easy-to-follow reports and diagrams. Regardless of how you decide to tackle the exciting task of unearthing your family’s history, you are in for a fun ride. A ride full of fascinating discoveries, beautiful stories, and a new appreciation for how you came to be.